Shravanabelagola is a small township located fifty one km (32 miles) southeast of Hassan District inside the kingdom of Karnataka, which sits at an altitude of approximately 3,350 feet above sea level. There are terrific roads to Shravanabelagola from each Bangalore and Mysore. the nearest airport is in Bangalore, at a distance of 157 km (ninety eight miles) and the closest railway station is in Shravanabelagola.
Shravanabelagola, nestled by using the Vindhyagiri and Chandragiri Hills, covered through the monolith Bhagwan Bahubali, and domestic to over 2,three hundred years of Jain background, is a veritable picture postcard of our history and historical past spanning the centuries. within the city of Shravanabelagola, stands a huge rock-cut statue of Lord Gommateshwara Shri Bahubali.
This 57 ft tall statue is the most opulent among all Jain works of artwork. It become built in circa 982. The Bahubali statue is defined as one of the mightiest achievements of historical Karnataka within the realm of sculptural art. The statue stands upright in the posture of meditation called kayotsarga, achieving a top of nearly fifty seven feet atop the Vindyagiri Hills - accessible thru a flight of 500 steps.
The verdant herbal splendor of Shravanabelagola, with its swaying coconut bushes and natural our bodies of water, bears testimony to the mythical mental energy of Tyaga (renunciation) and the tender message of Ahimsa (Non-Violence) that embodies the Jain way of existence.
Bhagwan Bahubali, the son of the primary of our twenty four Jain Tirthankaras, is worshipped for living with super traits that he displayed for the duration of all levels of his life from concept, delivery, renunciation, enlightenment and salvation. lovely and serene is his external appearance.
The picture of Gommateshwara has curly hair ringlets and large ears. The eyes are open as though he's viewing the sector with detachment. His facial capabilities are flawlessly chiselled with a faint touch of a smile at the nook of the lips that embody a calm internal peace and vitality. His shoulders are extensive, the hands stretch directly down and the determine has no aid from the thigh upwards.
there is an anthill inside the history which signifies his incessant penance. From this anthill, emerge a snake and a creeper which twine round each the arms and legs culminating as a cluster of plants and berries at the upper part of the fingers. The complete parent stands on an open lotus signifying the totality attained in putting in this unique statue.
On both aspect of Gommateshwara stands two tall and majestic chauri bearers within the provider of the Lord. certainly one of them is a yaksh and the other one is a yakshi. those richly ornamented and fantastically carved figures complement the main determine. Carved at the rear facet of the anthill is also a trough for collecting water and other ritual components used for the sacred tub of the picture.
across the statue is an enclosure created from a pillared corridor wherein you could find 43 photos of Tirthankaras in special cloisters. there is also a discern of a girl referred to as Gullikayajji sculpted with a terrific constructed and carrying notable ornamentation, standard of the sculptures of the Ganga period. The Akandabagilu or the huge door, carved out of a single rock with an elaborately carved Gajalakshmi in her normal posture flanked by using elephants, is some other meritorious paintings of Jain craftsmanship. This also stated to had been created under the steerage and idea of Chaundaraya, the illustrious minister who served under the successive rulers of the Ganges specifically Marasimha II, Rachamalla IV and Rachamalla V.
considered one of the most important temples inside the location is the Chaundaraya Basadi dedicated to Neminatha, the 22nd Tirthankara depicted below a seven hooded canopy and flanked by male chauri bearers. This temple is specific in its style. It belongs to the technology of the western Ganges and has evolved out of the Chalukyan patterns at Badami and Aihole. on the same hill can be visible, the Chandraprabha Basadi dedicated to the eighth Tirthankara of the equal name. it is one of the oldest Basadi at the hill and can be assigned to the early ninth century under the reign of Sivamara, a Ganga king.
at the same time as at Shravanabelagola one also can advantage insights into Jain mythology through a number of the finest art work depicted on the walls of the Shri Jain Matha. rich in colors and harmonious in composition, these paintings of the 18th century depict royal processions and festivities, clergymen, women in brightly colored saris, wooded area scenes of wild animals and other topics that shed light on the domestic, non secular and social lifestyles of the human beings.
another concrete expression of the intensity of Jain artwork is the sthambha, the unfastened standing pillar in front of each Basadi. Elegantly carved out of granite, these are categorised as Brahmadeva Sthambha and Manasthambha. while the previous portrays the figures of Brahmanical gods, the latter is depictive of Jain religion. Manasthambha pillars can be located someplace else within the u . s . a . however the Brahmadeva pillars are confined to the South, a great specimen of which may be observed in front of the enormous statue of Gommateshwara at Shravanabelagola. extremely appealing is the Manasthambha at Mudabidri with a small shrine on the apex surrounded through 4 bells and crowned with a gold finial. similar pillars at Karkala and Humcha are equally 32012fd371b2d8bbf6e5e631dc96cdaf.
most of these pillars, no matter their connotations, are incredible pieces of art, elegance and decoration. some other pillar of big interest is the Tyagada Brahmadeva Kamba at Shravanabelagola where Chaundaraya has inscribed his family tree and his lifestyles time achievements. best segments of the inscription are readable.
The carving and consecration of the Bahubali statue in Shravanabelagola is ascribed to the first rate Chamunda Raja who turned into the commander-in-leader as well as the high Minister of the Ganga King Rachamalla at some point of the later period of tenth century A.D.
The story goes that Kalala Devi, mother of Chavundaraya, needed to have a darshan of the golden statue at Poudanapura. The obedient son, seeing the extreme non secular fervor of his mother, set out on a protracted pilgrimage to peer the golden statue alongside along with his mom and Guru Acharya Ajithasena, and spent a night time at Shravanabelagola en-route to Poudanapura. In equal goals, the Kushmandini Yakshi ordered Chavundaraya to erect a statue. the following morning, as directed within the dream, Chavundaraya flung his golden arrow with the primary shaft of the rising sun from the pinnacle of Chandragiri hill to the top of the bigger hill contrary. right away the prophecy got here proper and the photo of Bahubali became discerned. Chavundaraya then entrusted the task of chiseling the statue out of a big block of granite to the most skillful sculptors of the land beneath the steering of Arishtanemi. In later years, Chavundaraya, filled with the pride of success and conceitedness, set out to perform the Mahamastakabhishek. but, the anointing beverages - coconut, milk and the five nectars might now not descend down the navel. At that second, legend goes, Gullikayajji, an antique lady provided herself with a bit milk inside the shell of a white Gullikai fruit. Many derided her however Acharya Nemichandra recommended Chavundaraya to invite her. as the humble devotee of Bahubali poured the milk inside the shell, it immediately ran down the picture, attaining the ft of the statue and protected the hill round.
A chastened Chavundaraya then made it mandatory that Mahamastakabhishek to be performed each 12 years for Lord Bahubali. The Mahamastakabhishek of 1981 coincided with 1,000 years of the consecration of the statue even as the Mahamastakabhishek of 1993 became the final of the previous millennium.
Mahamastakabhisheka, the head anointing ceremony of the Bhagwan Bahubali, is discovered once every 12 years within the Digamber Jain subculture. the next Mahamastakabhisheka may be accomplished in 2018 in the course of the length of February 17th to February 25th. The day of February 21st, 2018 has been set aside as a unique day for the NRI's to perform Abhishek of Bhagwan Bahubali.
The Mahamastakabhisheka begins by way of devotees sporting 1,008 particularly prepared vessels (kalashes). The statue is then bathed and anointed with libations inclusive of water, milk, sugarcane juice, and saffron paste, and sprinkled with powders of sandalwood, turmeric, and vermilion.
The Mahamastakabhisheka is the most important collecting of Jains in the world. Over 1 million devotees are expected to attend the consecration ceremonies in 2018.
Shravanabelagola became a sacred vicinity when you consider that lengthy, even before the carving of Bahubali statute by Chamundaraya in 981 A.D.
At this sacred area, celebrated Nemichandra Siddhanta Chakravarty, wrote the well-known Gommatsara (Jivakanda and Karmakanda), Dravyasamgraha, Trilokasara, Labdhisara and Kshapanasara. His disciple Chamundaraya himself wrote Charitrasara and Trishahsthi-Shalaka-Purusha-Charitra in Kannada.
in line with the historic inscriptions, severa Jain clergymen, Nuns, Shravakas and Shravikas took Sallekhana at Indragiri - Shravanabelagola. There are over 500 inscriptions written at Chandragiri Hill. The final of the brilliant Rashtrakuta emperors, Indra IV took Sallekhana right here, who as soon as conquered huge elements of South and North India. The Rathors of Jodhpur/Bikaner are descendants of Rashtrakutas.
The remaining Shrutakevali and the leader of the undivided Sangh, Bhadrabahu, took Sallekhana right here, along along with his disciple, the previous Chandragupt Maurya.
The Siddhanta texts, now at Moodabidri, have been as soon as housed at Shravanabelagola.