The history of CII is the story of the transformation of a miniscule association, representing a small segment of industry, to the premier business association of modern India.
The journey began in 1895 when 5 engineering firms, all members of the Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry, joined hands to form the Engineering and Iron Trades Association (EITA).
Engineering and Iron Trades Association (EITA)
EITA was set up at the end of 1895 with the aim of pressurising the colonial government to place government orders for iron and steel and engineering goods with companies based in India. At that time the practice was to place all government orders with firms based in UK.
Engineering Association of India (EAI)
Till 1942 IEA was the only all-India association of engineering industry and represented mainly big engineering companies, particularly the British firms. This led to a situation where the interests of the Indian firms (mainly medium and small scale) were not sufficiently represented. Thus the Engineering Association of India (EAI) was established in 1942 as an affiliate of the Indian Chamber of Commerce. EAI represented small and medium engineering firms mostly owned and promoted by Indians, and had different origins and management styles from the IEA.
Confederation of Engineering Industry (CEI)
Foreseeing the upcoming challenges in the future, the leadership at AIEI felt the need for greater consolidation and solidarity that would put the industry on a stronger footing and would help it meet the challenges of competition and globalisation. Thus in 1986 there was a change in name from AIEI to the Confederation of Engineering Industry (CEI), reflecting the growth and expansion of the organisation since 1974. CEI now became an apex body for manufacturing industries at the national level.
Indian Engineering Association (IEA)
The change in name from EITA to IEA in 1912 reflected the association's decision to exclude traders from the membership and concentrate fully on promoting the cause of manufacturers. By this time, many more manufacturers had come into being and there was a conflict of interest between traders, who preferred government orders to be placed with companies in the UK, and manufacturers of engineering goods, who sought industry promotion through public orders.
Association of Indian Engineering Industry (AIEI)
After Independence of India in 1947, the public sector assumed the lead role in industrial development. By 1970s, a new base of heavy industries had been built, but private companies faced restrictions through licensing requirements for new units and /or expansion. Keeping in view the greater interests of the Engineering industry in the country, in April 1974, the two associations - IEA and EAI - merged to form the Association of Indian Engineering Industry (AIEI). For the engineering industry the merger meant a stronger association capable of harnessing larger resources and providing a wider range of services.
Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)
In 1991, industrial licensing was abolished and economic reforms on a wide scale started taking shape. With effect from 1st January 1992, in keeping with the government's decision to opt for the liberalisation of the Indian economy, the name of CEI was changed to Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). In a new policy environment, it was natural that there would be inter-sectoral integration through a process of diversification and expansion, where the engineering units would diversify into non-engineering units and vice-versa.
Since 1992, through rapid expansion and consolidation, CII has grown to be the most visible business association in India.
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Ms. Shobana Kamineni
President Designate, CII & Executive Vice-Chairperson, Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Limited (AHEL)
At critical turning points in the country's economic history, CII's leaders have demonstrated the courage to lead Indian industry into uncharted territories and engineer change. CII leaders have consistently promoted a policy of partnership and cooperation with all stakeholders, and particularly with the Government. This intrinsic partnership approach has played a major role in the evolution of Indian industry over the years, as it transformed from a frail entity insulated from the global economy into a strong and vibrant sector that is driving India's economic growth today.
The key positions of leadership in CII are President, President-Designate, and Vice President. For 2016-17, Dr. Naushad Forbes, Co-Chairman of Forbes Marshall, is the CII President, Ms Shobana Kamineni, Executive Vice-Chairperson, Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Limited (AHEL), is the President-Designate, CII, and Mr Rakesh Bharti Mittal, is the Vice President, CII.
The strategic and organizational decisions are made by a Council of Past Presidents of CII, which charts its long term vision and adapts it to the emerging eco-system. In addition, CII has a number of dedicated national councils, committees and task-forces, headed by CEOs who frame policy suggestions and action agendas on specific sectors and issues. Regional Offices are headed by Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen, while state and zonal offices have their own Chairmen and Vice Chairmen.
The CII Secretariat, staffed by highly skilled professionals, is headed by the Director General. The Director-General oversees the implementation of action agendas as evolved by the members, provides exemplary services, and leads the day-to-day management and operation of the vast organisation. Mr Chandrajit Banerjee is the Director General of CII from May 1, 2008.
Dr. Naushad Forbes
President, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) &
Co-Chairman, Forbes Marshall
Dr. Forbes was a Lecturer and Consulting Professor at Stanford University from 1987 to 2004 where he developed courses on Technology in newly industrializing countries. He received his Bachelors, Masters and Ph.D degrees from Stanford University.
Dr. Forbes is on the Board of several educational institutions and public companies.
He is an active member of CII and has chaired the National Committees on Higher Education, Innovation, Technology and International Business.
Dr. Naushad Forbes is currently the President of CII.
The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) works to create and sustain an environment conducive to the development of India, partnering industry, Government, and civil society, through advisory and consultative processes.
CII is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry-led and industry-managed organization, playing a proactive role in India's development process. Founded in 1895, India's premier business association has over 8000 members, from the private as well as public sectors, including SMEs and MNCs, and an indirect membership of over 200,000 enterprises from around 240 national and regional sectoral industry bodies.
CII membership is open to Any Company or Firm in India engaged in manufacturing activity or providing consultancy services (Engineering/Technical/Management) or present in the services sector including Banks, Financial Institutions, Law Firms, Hospitals, Travel/Tourism & Hospitality, Films, Media: Print and Electronic, Digital Entertainment, Advertising, Publishing, Fashion are eligible.
India Liaison Offices operating with the approval of Reserve Bank, without any Sales Turnover in India, are eligible for the "Associate Membership".
There is no Individual membership in CII. Companies from the same group are to take up membership separately, since there is no group membership.
CII charts change by working closely with Government on policy issues, interfacing with thought leaders, and enhancing efficiency, competitiveness and business opportunities for industry through a range of specialized services and strategic global linkages. It also provides a platform for consensus-building and networking on key issues.
Extending its agenda beyond business, CII assists industry to identify and execute corporate citizenship programmes. Partnerships with civil society organizations carry forward corporate initiatives for integrated and inclusive development across diverse domains including affirmative action, healthcare, education, livelihood, diversity management, skill development, empowerment of women, and water, to name a few.
The CII theme for 2016-17, Building National Competitiveness, emphasizes Industry's role in partnering Government to accelerate competitiveness across sectors, with sustained global competitiveness as the goal. The focus is on six key enablers: Human Development; Corporate Integrity and Good Citizenship; Ease of Doing Business; Innovation and Technical Capability; Sustainability; and Integration with the World.
With 66 offices, including 9 Centres of Excellence, in India, and 9 overseas offices in Australia, Bahrain, China, Egypt, France, Germany, Singapore, UK, and USA, as well as institutional partnerships with 320 counterpart organizations in 106 countries, CII serves as a reference point for Indian industry and the international business community.
The set-up of nine overseas offices helps CII to disseminate vital information related to markets and joint venture possibilities to Indian and foreign companies. International events are organised as a part of its global business networking initiatives.
Trade fairs, seminars, overseas missions, and conferences also develop strong contacts. Meetings with visiting Heads of State and Government and high-level ministerial delegations are held for Indian industry regularly.
Recently, CII has serviced over 200 business delegations into India, comprising more than 2000 businessmen and has taken 50 Trade Missions out of India. This exchange has resulted in the signing of 71 MoUs.
CII's International Department is committed to stepping up its engagement with the world on a wide range of issues that it identifies as being national priorities of corporate India'.
A key concern for policy makers and industry is to include Indians from all strata of society in the country’s impressive growth story. At the present, the majority of the population remains at the periphery of development. India’s growth story has captured the world’s attention and admiration. However, we cannot in all conscience begin to celebrate the Indian success story while a majority of our 1.1 billion people still live in poverty. There are disparities amongst regions, states, sectors, and communities. Amongst the States, the North-Eastern and the central regions, which have large tribal populations, are lagging behind. Amongst sectors, agriculture has fallen behind industry and the service sector. Religious minorities, large sections of Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribal (ST) groups, and women still do not have access to many job opportunities and human development. While the top end of the economy is experiencing phenomenal wage growth, the informal sector, which is the largest job creator for the country continue to be characterized by low wages and income insecurity. Public health indices for India continue to stagnate at very low levels with large- scale incidence of malnutrition. There is need to address these issues with urgency. We are way behind if we assess ourselves against the Millennium Development Goals set up by the United Nations. India can move up on these parameters only if every segment of civil society comes forward to forge “public-private-people partnerships”. Each segment of society has competencies that the other needs, to achieve its goals. Pooling resources such as knowledge, finances, infrastructure, technologies etc. can hasten the process of reaching out to those that are at the bottom of the pyramid. CII has been in the forefront of bringing in economic change and has been playing a significant role in the formation of a new and competitive India. It was almost 15 years ago that CII realized that all round evelopment was essential for sustaining the growth process and role that Corporates can play a major catalytic role in bringing this about, expanding the coverage of creation of wealth and catalyzing social change. Over the years, CII’s agenda has, therefore, expanded to include “inclusiveness” and “sustainability” over and above its running theme of “competitiveness”. The imperative for inclusive growth needs no repetition in the context of India's long-term growth prospects. Interestingly, a noticeable shift in policy is being materialized in policy making from subsidy-based programmes to those enabling more income generation. In a parallel process, voices in this debate for marrying market elements with social objectives are gaining strength. Encouragingly, there is a growing consciousness and conviction amongst companies that businesses have dual roles - to create shareholder value and as well play a proactive role in the community in the environment in which they operate. This is where we see a CII role in creating new partnerships for development, especially between wealth creators and the NGO community and Self Help Groups in catalyzing win-win growth stories. To achieve equitable, inclusive growth, the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), seeks to bring in social transformation through a complete programme of policy advocacy, knowledge creation, knowledge dissemination and “on-ground” model projects. Through a series of focused interventions, CII hopes to mainstream economically and socially challenged groups and draw them into a cycle of growth, development and empowerment. All these interventions are undertaken under CII’s broad canvas of “Development Initiatives”.
A High Note
The Budget for the forthcoming year may not have increased allocation to education but it has several notable new policies, including identifying 10 public and 10 private universities for world-class excellence. This column by Mr Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, CII appeared in The Times of India on 7 March 2016.
Creating a shared and sustainable world economy
A shared and sustainable world economy would rest on partnerships between advanced and emerging economies. India, which stands at an exciting moment in its economic journey, can play a special part in this, says Mr Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, CII. This article first appeared in Business Standard, 11th January 2016 on the occasion of The Partnership Summit 2016. The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in partnership with the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India and the State Government of Andhra Pradesh organized the 22nd edition of the Partnership Summit from January 10-12, 2016, at Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
CII Recommendations on New Education Policy
Recommendations of CII National Committee on Higher Education on New Education Policy (On select themes for consultation on higher education as enumerated by Ministry of Human Resource Development).
Sort out funding issues at climate meet
Indian industry expects that the outcomes of the Paris COP 21 will meet the challenges of reliable and affordable climate change technologies facing the private sector. India's target commitments require $2.5 trillion by 2030 and we hope that the Government would assist industry to make the requisite investments. This column by Mr Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, CII was published in The Hindu Businessline on 28 November 2015, ahead of the Paris climate change conference.
“Millions of Rural Migrants will Benefit” – A View
The new bill introduced in Parliament for acquisition of land meets many compulsions of development. This article by Mr Sumit Mazumder, President, CII, appeared in The Economic Times Issue of April 26 – May 02, 2015.
Representation to Government of Kerala Incentives for Green Building Rated Projects
Representation to Government of Kerala on Incentives for Green Building Rated Projects.
CII J&K Disaster Relief Initiative
As you are aware, Jammu & Kashmir has been severely hit by heavy rains and flash floods at many places in the State causing loss of valuable lives and properties. The Central / State Governments, District Administration, Defence forces & NDRF are fully involved in the relief measures. CII is in touch with the local administration to provide immediate relief items as well as look at some concrete rehabilitation projects in due course.
Green growth is indeed possible
The environment is vital, but economic activities can often conflict with sustainability. As the country promotes green economic transition, we also need to deal with immediate process issues, says Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, CII in this column in The Hindu Business Line of June 5, 2014 to commemorate World Environment Day
Indian Industry on the Greener Path
'India has the potential to be a leader in the global green economy and business can play an important role through a coordinated approach, states Mr Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, CII in this column that appeared in Business Standard' special page as an advertorial on the occasion of the World Environment Day on 5 June 2014.'
Rules will stifle initiative
The new mandatory stipulations for CSR under the Companies Act should have allowed some flexibility to corporate boards to draw up their areas of interest. This column by Mr. Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, CII, appeared in The Financial Chronicle on March 8, 2014.
Emperor Akihito’s India Visit: A bigger bite of the Japanese pie
Besides investing in automobile and machinery, Japan can play a major role in India’s infrastructure development. Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, CII, says CEPA is expected to give Indian pharma greater access to the Japanese market as Japan has committed to treat Indian generic-makers on a par with its own pharma industry. This article appeared in the The Financial Express on 30 November, 2013.
Bill will push acquisition costs, affect industrial projects
At a time when major projects are stalled and India's global competitiveness is eroding, a more facilitative land acquisition process would have helped long-term growth, stimulated private investment in Infrastructure Sector and restored investor sentiments. In an interview with the Financial Express on 31 August 2013, CII Director General, Chandrajit Banerjee articulates the industry’s concerns and how it affects them. Excerpts:
Two-and-a-half cheers, at best
The new Companies Act has many positive features, incorporating CII recommendations. However, the CSR provision and other stipulations are of concern for industry. This column by Mr S Gopalakrishnan, President, CII, appeared in the ‘Hindustan Times' on Thursday, 29 August 2013.
For an eco-friendly industry
Industry, civil society and government must work together to evolve solutions to environmental challenges, and green manufacturing can be the next sector of growth, says Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, CII in this column in the Hindu Business Line on World Environment Day, 5 June 2013.
Invitation to bid for Modernisation and Strengthening of Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institution [BSTI] project under Exim Bank’s GOI-supported Line of Credit (LOC) of USD 800 million to the Government of Bangladesh
As you may be aware Exim Bank has extended a Line of Credit (LOC) for USD 800 million to the Government of Bangladesh.
ABOUT CII FOUNDATION
The CII Foundation (CIIF) undertakes a wide range of developmental and charitable activities pan India through corporate sector engagement. CIIF works towards inclusive development by providing a meaningful bridge between marginalised communities in India and donors, especially corporates, by providing strategic guidance on CSR, and developing and managing high impact programmes.
Since its inception in 2011, CIIF has undertaken a range of projects in the areas of skill development, maternal and child health, sanitation, livelihood creation, women empowerment, water conversation, and disaster relief and rehabilitation.
AREAS OF INTERVENTION
The thematic areas of CIIF intervention include:
- Public Health and Sanitation
- Skilling, Employment and Livelihoods
- Gender Equality and Women Empowerment and Safety
- Environment Sustainability including water
- Disaster Relief and Rehabilitation
The CIIF works with the corporates to design and implement customized and high impact CSR projects. The customized projects are managed by conceptualizing and defining strategic CSR solutions, identifying implementing agencies, facilitating partnership and undertaking monitoring, evaluation and reporting of the projects. Apart from customized projects, CIIF manages high impact social development projects, supported through CSR pool funding and multiple donor participation.
To encourage and promote innovative CSR initiatives, CIIF is introducing the Business Impact Awards- Transformation through CSR, presented by TVS Group. The award identifies and recognizes exemplary CSR projects that have positively impacted the community and business through CII. The Award will be given around the following thematic areas: Education, Sustainable livelihoods, Health, Environment Sustainability, Women empowerment and Gender equality.
CII Foundation also works towards enhancing the capacity of civil society organizations by organizing regional capacity building workshops across the country.
To bridge the gap between Corporates and NGOs, CII in partnership with Bombay Stock Exchange and Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs (IICA) has created an online platform called Sammaan. It is a first of its kind initiative in the world which enables companies to undertake effective CSR activities by connecting them to non-profit and non-government agencies with legitimate records. Sammaan adopts a rigorous process to list NGOs and projects across India, from which the corporate can choose to fund and monitor their CSR grants.